Reforms in Higher Education


The National Policy on Education 1986, as amended in 1992, has been the guiding report for the guidelines of the Central Government within the training quarter. To deliver a brand new route to the entire educational installation, the Government has formulated a New Education Policy to meet the converting dynamics of the population’s requirement about the best education, innovation, and research, aiming to make India a knowledge superpower utilizing equipping its college students with the vital abilities and information and to cast off the shortage of workforce in science, technology, teachers and industry. Quality warranty in higher schooling is these days the pinnacle priority of the policy timetable. Post-secondary education wishes to prepare graduates with new competencies, a huge know-how base, and various abilities to enter a greater complex and interdependent global. Quality is a multidimensional idea, and numerous mechanisms for first-class assurance and management are wished at a personal and institutional level. Systems of responsibility and accreditation with a robust regulatory mechanism are critical to sustaining and improving high quality.

Reforms in Higher Education

Quality warranty in better education is the pinnacle precedence of the policy timetable

  • 7 0 zero zero
  • Dr. Mohammad Shafi Khan
  • Srinagar, Publish Date: Jul sixteen 2017 11:27PM 16 2017 eleven:27PM
  • Reforms in Higher Education
  • File Photo

The National Policy on Education 1986, as amended in 1992, has been the guiding report for the rules of the Central Government inside the education region. To supply a new direction to the complete instructional installation, the Government has formulated a New Education Policy to satisfy the converting dynamics of the populace’s requirement concerning a first-class education, innovation, and research, aiming to make India a know-how superpower by using equipping its students with the necessary capabilities and know-how and to put off the shortage of workforce in technology, generation, teachers and enterprise.

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Quality assurance in higher training is today the pinnacle priority of the policy timetable. Post-secondary training desires to prepare graduates with new skills, a wide understanding base, and an extensive range of abilities to go into a greater complicated and interdependent global. Quality is a multidimensional idea, and several mechanisms for great guarantee and management at the character and institutional degree are needed. Systems of accountability and accreditation with a robust regulatory mechanism are crucial to sustaining and enhancing pleasant.

The global ranking of universities is based totally on an evaluation of the institutional performance in studies and coaching, a popularity of faculty individuals, reputation amongst employers, resource availability, the proportion of global college students and activities, etc. Most of the pinnacle rating establishments are located within the USA and UK. The Indian universities do now not discover a place inside the top a hundred positions inside the global rating of universities. Even the pinnacle ranking establishments of India seem low within the global scores. As in line with the Times Higher Education Rankings 2016-17, the top-ranked Indian establishments are IISC Bangalore (201), IIT Delhi (401), IIT Kanpur (401), IIT.


Madras (401), IIT Kharagpur (501), IIT Roorkee (501), AMU (601), and University of Delhi (601). The top-ranked establishments as in keeping with the Quacquarelli Symonds (QS) System 2016-17 were IISC Bangalore (152), IIT Delhi (185), IIT Kanpur (302), IIT Kharagpur (313), IIT Roorkee (399), IIT Guwahati (481), University of Delhi (501) and BHU (701) . Does it imply that India has the best low excellent better establishments? The concept of setting up accreditation businesses in India turned into beautifying requirements and a fine of better schooling. As a measure of fine assurance, India set up accreditation businesses in 1994. The establishments of higher training had been alleged to method the accreditation businesses to get their organization or program authorized. Keeping all these records in view, its miles felt that for the general enhancement of requirements and high-quality of higher schooling and the improvement of the Higher Educational Institutions following reforms have to be undertaken.

Merit-based total pupil financing:

This should ensure admissions to meritorious students unbiased of economic heritage. There should be scholarships for meritorious college students from financially weaker sections to maintain their education until put up-graduation.

Internationalization of education:

This might entail aligning exclusive elements of education (curriculum, college, etc.) to global requirements. This would provide a chance to instructional establishments to enhance their exceptional training in evaluation to the international standards.

Enabling a studies surroundings:

This would involve developing adequate means of studies investment and practical application of studies. This would also encourage instructors to take studies initiatives of numerous investment organizations like UGC, CSIR, ISRO, DST, etc.

High pleasant faculty:

The hour wants to create conducive surroundings and provide incentives to draw and hold excessive satisfactory faculty. Also, there is a dire want to offer considered necessary finances to the lecturers for attending meetings, seminars, workshops, and different occasions at nearby, national and international tiers. This is vital to keep the academics abreast with the ultra-modern traits taking the region of their respective topics. For this motive, the remarks from college students also have to be considered.

Improved era for schooling delivery:

ICT in training is proving a change agent in teaching and learning procedures. From physical study rooms to virtual study rooms, ICT has countless possibilities to help to teach and to gain knowledge of reviews. It is excessive time to adapt converting scenario of ICT in education, suppose past PPT-OHP multimedia-driven teaching, and leverage the ability of generation more desirable learning in full. From EDUSAT to Smart Classroom and e-studying to the digital lecture room, the route leads to quality schooling for absolutely everyone, from everywhere and anyplace. The success of HRD backed missions and projects like NMEICT and NPTEL beckon for a prospective destiny in ‘ICT in Higher Education.


Making training-enterprise relevant and sensible would be the right manner to make sure a pretty employable skills pool. The emphasis ought to be laid on making university schooling greater expert/vocational on the way to make our pass-outs greater desirable in process markets of the sector.

Assessment and Accreditation

A trainer has to be evaluated now not handiest for his teaching however also for his studies and extension sports. Regular inner evaluation of teachers must be finished thru students. There must be a technique to carry out ordinary assessments and reforms of traditional examination and assessment styles. Assessment of all educational institutes via NAAC needs to be made an obligatory and monetary guide to be supplied by the ranks received therein.

Integration and Interaction

Integrated efforts have to be made using all stakeholders in changing our better instructional institutes into the centers of knowledge and excellence. Interdisciplinary training ought to be fostered at all degrees. Academia-industry and academia-society interactions need to be enhanced at all degrees. There must be more autonomy to institutions of higher gaining knowledge of. The concept of self-sufficient colleges needs to be severely taken into consideration. A nicely-planned and based interplay to be evolved among Centres of Academic Excellence and our faculties and universities.

Reorientation and Consolidation

The orientation of college students towards professional subjects wishes to be carried out at an earlier degree to provide greater avenues and foster their inherent skills in one specific stream rather than making them examine all sorts of topics irrespective of their private pastimes and tendencies.