From Internet Blackouts to Violent Attacks
In 2017, South Asian nations confronted developing challenges within the subject of internet freedom, censorship, and freedom of expression. The Global Voices South Asia group highlighted a lot of these issues in the course of the yr. Here is a summary of our coverage.
Internet shutdowns and blackouts in conflict areas rose sharply in 2017, threatening citizens’ get entry to to communications, statistics and the loose expression online. Unique areas of India and Pakistan noticed both overall shutdown and partial shutdowns (e.G. Of mobile information networks). The shutdowns, not simplest decrease the rights of freedom of expression specified in these nations’ constitutions, in addition, they have economic implications affecting business and public services.
The Global Voices Advox Netizen Report noted that net blackouts are becoming an increasingly common tactic for a neighborhood and regional authorities whilst confronted with public consternation around politics and elections, ethnic and nonsecular tensions, and incidents of violence.
Since January 1, 2017, there have been sixty-five nearby-stage Internet shutdowns in India. In 2016, there have been 31 such shutdowns. The Software Freedom Law Centre of New Delhi has an internet interactive map that indicates the place and information of every Internet shutdown in India, together with a brief description of public occasions coinciding with the shutdown.
According to information furnished by means of virtual rights organization accessnow.Org, when you consider that January 2016, Pakistan had 10 digital blackouts. A mobile net carrier was close down for more than a yr in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), beginning in June 2016, in step with a Freedom House document.
When we examine info of those shutdowns, we discover diverse motives. Internet and cellular services were shut down for several days inside the northern Indian states of Haryana and Punjab following a court ruling within the criminal case against guru Gurmeet Ram Rahim Singh, the arguable leader of the highly famous Dera Sacha Sauda sect.
Last April, in the Indian metropolis of Kendrapara, provincial officials blocked Internet connectivity for forty-eight hours to prevent the flow of an “objectionable” video that witnesses stated become insulting to the Prophet Mohammad.
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Censored: News websites, tweets and Bollywood ripoffs
Internet filtering and blockading of specific websites were a not unusual device for regulators and governments in numerous South Asian nations. In maximum instances, the intention changed to dam get admission to to politically touchy content. Authorities regularly mentioned national safety as the reason for blocking off. The blockading and filtering of the global Internet is a violation of Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, which grants every person the proper “to are searching for, get hold of and impart records and ideas via any media and irrespective of frontiers.”
In April, the government in Indian-administered Kashmir blocked 22 social media programs, which includes Facebook, WhatsApp, and Twitter. According to the government, the social media services had been “being misused through anti-countrywide and anti-social elements” inside the Kashmir Valley to disturb “peace and quietness”.
Even Bollywood gave the motive for online censorship in August 2017. The Internet Archive and extra than 2, six hundred file-sharing websites have been blocked in India following court docket orders issued by the Madras High Court inside the Indian state of Tamil Nadu (reachable here and here). The ruling, issued on August 2, 2017, become based totally on the petitions of outstanding Bollywood manufacturing homes, Red Chillies Entertainment and Prakash Jha Productions, to stop record-sharing websites from distributing pirated copies of these days released Bollywood films, “Jab Harry Met Sejal”, and “Lipstick Under My Burkha”.
In two separate requests, dated 16 August and 24 August, Indian authorities asked Twitter to suspend extra than dozen Twitter accounts and censor greater than 100 tweets.
Shortly thereafter, Twitter notified the account holders and asked them to voluntarily do away with the questionable content material, caution that Twitter may in any other case be obliged to take action regarding the content diagnosed within the grievance.
Early this 12 months Sri Lanka enacted the Right to Information Act. On November 8, 2017, impartial news internet site LankaeNews had been blocked throughout all internet provider vendors in Sri Lanka. Three independent news websites in Sri Lanka filed requests as in keeping with the RTI Act so that you can get more records about the blocking technique and the Telecom Regulatory Commission (TRC) discovered that 13 websites were blocked from 2015 and the paper trail results in the highest tiers of the government. The websites included political news and pornographic material.
Violent threats in opposition to bloggers and media workers
Several newshounds, bloggers, and media people had been killed in some of the South Asian nations.
As many as nine Pakistani bloggers went missing inside the first week of 2017. Four of the missing activists are regarded for his or her secular and left-leaning perspectives. Some of the activists returned after weeks of captivity. According to media reviews, the bloggers had been subjected to torture and made to signal agreements pointing out that they might now not are trying to find legal direction to report cases towards their abductors.
In India, activists, newshounds, and human rights defenders have confronted growing strain and prison intimidation under India’s sedition legal guidelines and Information Technology Act 2008 in current years.
Several journalists, writers, and poets had been sued for his or her writings. Freelance cartoonist Bala G changed into arrested on November five, 2017 for defaming the Chief Minister of the South Indian State of Tamil Nadu in a caricature shared on social media. On on June five, 2017, India’s oldest non-public information channel New Delhi Television Network (NDTV) recognized for its hard-hitting, anti-established order journalism had more than one offices raided with the aid of the country’s Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI).
Veteran Indian journalist Gauri Lankesh turned into a shot to demise by using assailants on September five, 2017, out of doors her home in Bangalore. Lankesh, fifty-five, turned into the editor of a Kannada-language tabloid called Gauri Lankesh Patrick that took a fierce stance towards Hindu nationalist organizations and Prime Minister Narendra Modi.
Hate speech in public discourse in India is developing, and Lankesh’s homicide is seen as a clean caution to the voices in India who specific dissent that intolerance is growing.
In the Maldives, blogger and activist Yameen Rasheed became stabbed to loss of life in his home in the capital Malé on April 23, 2017. An outspoken critic of the authorities and radical faith-based politics, Rasheed had previously mentioned to police that he obtained loss of life threats thru textual content message and social media for his writings. Police have said that nonsecular extremists killed Yameen Rasheed and have initiated lawsuits for a closed trial on his homicide. Rasheed’s own family is pushing for the trial to be open to the public, out of fear that a few proof in opposition to the defendants is probably destroyed.